Journal Article: Peacebuilding, Official Development Assistance, and the Sustainable Development Goals: The United Nations Peacebuilding Funding Dashboard
Ayham Al Maleh, Etizaz Shah, Henk-Jan Brinkman and Viktoria von Knobloch
This brief focuses on identifying categories of peacebuilding areas and tracking of their associated expenditures based on recurring priorities of the United Nations (UN) in peacebuilding contexts. These are essential for coordination, planning, policy making, assessing peacebuilding needs, and developing lessons learned and may help illuminate the concept of peace. The paper discusses the methodologies developed to this effect by the UN Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) in the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA). It provides an overview of peacebuilding areas, peacebuilding categories within Official Development Assistance, and the interlinkages between peacebuilding and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Data on these items are presented in a dashboard developed at the request of the UN Secretary-General.
Journal Article: Beyond Liberal Peace in Sri Lanka: Victory, Politics, and State Formation
Malin Åkebo and Sunil Bastian
In 2009, the war between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam ended through a military victory for the government. Features of the post-war peace—including persistent militarization, strengthened nationalism, and communal violence—have commonly been attributed to a failed attempt at liberal peacebuilding followed by an authoritarian backlash. In contrast, this study shows how the post-war peace has been shaped by historical processes of state formation aimed at consolidating the Sri Lankan state. The article takes a long-term approach to analysing peace in Sri Lanka through the lens of state formation. The analysis centres on four key aspects: (1) post-war security, (2) state–minority relations, (3) socio-economic aspects, and (4) electoral politics. We conclude that there are currently few signs of any substantial state reform that would accommodate the continuous demand for social justice and minority rights that has spurred violent conflicts in Sri Lanka.